Indica vs Sativa vs Hybrid?

Close-up cannabis sprouts young leaves.

Which one should you choose?

Whether you are a seasoned weed smoker or just getting started in the world of cannabis, making sense out of all those different strains can be daunting. With so many varieties available – Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid – it’s difficult to know which one fits you and your desired experience. Let us help guide you on your journey to choosing the best strain for your needs! In this blog post, we will explore what each type of strain has to offer and share helpful tips that will make finding the perfect combination much simpler.

So light up a joint and let’s get started!

Cannabis has been used for a wide variety of purposes since it was discovered by man. Many like to use it socially since it has been known to help make almost any situation a little more fun while others use it to unwind alone after a long day at work.

Regardless of how cannabis is enjoyed, there is always one initial decision to be made… indica vs. sativa vs. hybrid?

How many of us actually know the difference between the three? With so many cannabis choices in California, it definitely helps to have some background knowledge to help find exactly what you are looking for.

What is the difference between sativa and indica?

Sativa and Indica are two major subspecies of the cannabis plant, each with distinct characteristics. Here are the main differences between Sativa and Indica:

  1. Plant Appearance:
    • Sativa: Tends to have tall and thin plants with narrow leaves. Sativa plants can grow quite large and are better suited for outdoor cultivation due to their height.
    • Indica: Typically has shorter and bushier plants with broad leaves. Indica plants are more compact and better suited for indoor cultivation.
  2. Effects on the Body and Mind:
    • Sativa: Generally produces more uplifting and energizing effects. It is often associated with increased creativity, focus, and sociability. Sativa strains are commonly used during the day.
    • Indica: Tends to induce more relaxing and sedative effects. It is often associated with a calming body high and is commonly used in the evening or before bedtime.
  3. Cannabinoid and Terpene Profiles:
    • Sativa: Typically has a higher concentration of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound responsible for the “high” feeling. Sativa strains may also contain higher levels of certain terpenes that contribute to their energizing effects.
    • Indica: Often has a higher concentration of CBD (cannabidiol), a non-psychoactive compound known for its potential therapeutic benefits. Indica strains may also contain terpenes that contribute to relaxation and sedation.
  4. Medical Uses:
    • Sativa: May be recommended for conditions such as depression, fatigue, and attention disorders due to its uplifting effects.
    • Indica: Often suggested for conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, and pain relief due to its relaxing and sedative properties.
  5. Geographic Origin:
    • Sativa: Originally found in equatorial regions, such as Southeast Asia, Central America, and Africa.
    • Indica: Indigenous to mountainous regions with harsh climates, including parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

A visual that explains the differences between sativa, indica and hybrid cannabis with text and images.

Cannabis indica, named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, describes the variation of the plant originally discovered in India. Indica plants were also harvested for seeds and fiber, but became most famous from early hashish production.

Typically, indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants grow faster and have a higher yield than sativas. Indica plants tend to produce lower amounts of THC but have much higher CBD counts.

This creates more of a deep physical relaxation without the strong psychoactive traits of a sativa, often rocking the user to sleep. There is an old saying, ‘be careful, indicas might leave you in-da-couch.’ Anyone seeking sedation or a good night’s rest would find solace in an indica.

What is Hybrid Weed?

As you can probably guess, hybrid plants are just as they sound, a mix that gives you the best of both worlds. They are a bit trickier than their indica and sativa parents, as they can easily be mistaken for either.

Hybrids come in endless combinations of ratios and characteristics. For example, sativa-dominant hybrids such as Blue Dream and XJ13 have effects that tend to be more on the brain stimulating side. An indica-dominant hybrid strain, is more likely to leave you sleepy and relaxed without making your mind race with ideas.

However, this is not to say that there aren’t any 50/50 hybrids. Chiquita Banana and Cali Cake are split right down the middle with the perfect balance of energizing sativa and tranquil indica attributes.

Difference Between Hybrid and Sativa

Hybrid and sativa strains are two distinct cannabis types, each with its own unique characteristics and effects. Sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting properties.

They typically produce a cerebral high that promotes creativity, focus, and sociability. Sativas are often associated with a more euphoric and stimulating experience, making them popular choices for daytime use or social gatherings. On the other hand, hybrid strains result from crossbreeding sativa and indica plants, combining the effects of both.

Hybrids offer a balanced experience, blending the uplifting qualities of sativas with the relaxation and physical effects of indicas. The precise effects of hybrid strains can vary widely, as they can be indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or evenly balanced.


In the end, the effects of cannabis types may vary from person to person based on their mood, diet, environment, and body chemistry. The effects found in each strain are not necessarily specific to indica, sativa, or hybrid, but more about the cannabinoids and terpenes found in each one.

Although dividing strains into these three categories has been very helpful in achieving various outcomes over the years, new scientific research shows reason to believe you cannot judge a flower solely by its height or the shape of its leaves.

As more and more seeds are crossed, everything eventually becomes a hybrid of sorts. You’ll just have to try them all to see which one works best for you!


What is the difference between indica and sativa?

Indica strains tend to be physically sedating and relaxing, while sativa strains are cannabis types that typically more energizing and mentally uplifting.

What is the difference between hybrid and sativa?

Hybrid cannabis strains are a crossbreed of sativa and indica varieties, combining the effects of both, while sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting effects.

What is the difference between indica, sativa and hybrid high?

Indica strains generally provide a more relaxing and sedating high, sativa strains offer an energizing and uplifting high, while hybrids combine elements of both to varying degrees depending on their genetic composition.


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