Terpenes are hydrocarbons produced by plants, including cannabis. They aid plants in their defense against disease and predators and can even assist a plant in self-healing.
Have you ever tried essential oil?
The same natural components in the cannabis terpene chart give it advantages and fragrance.
There are around 30,000 terpenes in total, but we only know of over 100 in cannabis, even though the number appears to be regularly growing.
To make matters even more complicated, depending on whether additional compounds are present in a given strain, these distinct compounds may interact differently.
Cannabis Terpene Chart
Terpenes and Their Effects
Cannabis terpenes effects vary a lot. Some terpenes are calming, while others are energizing. Some stimulate your imagination, while others send you to sleep. Some that do one thing with one compound and another with a different compound behave differently in various strains.
Here are some of the most well-known chemicals’ estimated effects.
As we see in the terpene weed chart, the most frequent terpene detected in commercial cannabis strains is myrcene. OG Kush, Purple Urkle, and Pink Kush are some notable examples of strains high in Myrcene. It has an earthy, pungent scent, which makes sense given that it’s also found in herbs like hops, thyme, and parsley.
It’s also found in citrus fruits like mangoes, which is why it has a zesty flavor. Myrcene is thought to aid in the absorption of THC, enhancing the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
According to research, myrcene may also aid in relaxation and boost the calming effects of other strains. This is especially beneficial for people who use cannabis to treat pain, high blood pressure, and stress.
Limonene is another prominent terpene found in cannabis. Limonene is a terpene in citrus fruits such as lemons, oranges, and other fruits. It can also be found in citrusy strains like Jack Herer, Sour Diesel, and Super Lemon Haze. Limonene gives cannabis strains a tart and fruity flavor.
It also offers many benefits, especially when combined with cannabinoids. Limonene, for example, has been shown to have analgesic, antimicrobial, and anti-anxiety properties in tests. Limonene is a pleasant addition to many strains because of its fruity flavor and uplifting qualities. It’s widespread in sativa strains, which may explain why they’re commonly suggested for anxiety and stress relief.
Pinene is a terpene present in pine trees, rosemary, basil, and other plants, as well as different cannabis strains. Pinene levels are high in strains like Romulan, OG Kush, and Blue Dream. Pinene is known to help with alertness and memory. Therefore it can help to mitigate some of THC’s negative effects.
It can also function as a natural bronchodilator, which means it can help people breathe better, especially if they have asthma or other breathing problems. Pinene is the most abundant terpene in cannabis and is found in all plants. Pinene-rich strains are ideal for those who want to feel the effects of THC without becoming too hazy-headed.
Beta-Caryophyllene, also known as Caryophyllene, is another frequent terpene found in cloves, cinnamon, black pepper, and many cannabis strains. Bubba Kush, Rockstar, and Skywalker OG are all famous strains that contain caryophyllene, which gives them a spicy kick. Beta-Caryophyllene is the only terpene that is both a terpene and a cannabinoid.
Beta-Caryophyllene can interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and offer anti-inflammatory benefits when eaten. Other advantages of Beta-Caryophyllene have been discovered. It’s said to have anticancer, antioxidant, and antibacterial effects. It’s one of the most intriguing terpenes discovered in cannabis plants.
Humulene is a terpene with a herbal aroma that can be found in sage, ginseng, and hops, which makes sense. Humulene is derived from the Latin word for hops (Humulus Lupulus). High-humulene cannabis strains have an earthy, woody flavor that reminds some people of beer. Humulene is also known for enhancing the anti-inflammatory effects of other compounds.
Furthermore, research suggests that humulene may aid in the battle against malignancies. Humulene-rich cannabis strains are typically relaxing, alleviating, and appropriate for medical marijuana users. Pink Kush, Sour Diesel, and Girl Scout Cookies are among popular cannabis strains that are high in Humulene.
Borneol is a terpene found in mugwort, rosemary, and mint, among other plants. Borneol is also a type of traditional Chinese medicine that has long been used to treat a variety of ailments. It’s also a strong insect repellent, making it ideal for various cannabis cultivars. Borneol’s qualities are supposed to aid relaxation, circulation, digestion, stress, and anxiety.
As a result, it works particularly well when combined with cannabinoids like THC to treat a variety of physical and mental ailments. Strains with a high Borneol content are usually more relaxing and pleasant. Borneol has a harsh, slightly acidic flavor. Borneol-rich strains have a herbal, slightly minty flavor.
Terpinolene is another terpene present in cannabis that is less well-known. This terpene is believed to be incredibly uplifting and can considerably contribute to a strain’s scent and flavor. This terpene has an intriguing aroma and flavor. It’s flowery while also being piney and herbal. Lilac, nutmeg, cumin, and even apples contain it.
It can, of course, be found in a variety of cannabis strains. Terpinolene-rich strains usually have a floral aroma and flavor. Terpinolene is most recognized for enhancing cannabis’ euphoric effects. It can improve your mood and heighten your senses. It also has anti-oxidant effects, according to legend.
Linalool may add a lot to a strain, even if it’s not as frequent as terpenes like Limonene or Myrcene. Linalool is said to have calming and relaxing properties, making it an excellent complement to THC’s physiologically relaxing effects. Linalool has a pleasant flowery aroma and scent, while other terpenes are fruity and others are piney and earthy.
This makes sense because it’s also found in lavender, jasmine, rosewood, basil, and thyme plants. Linalool is reported to help with anxiety, sadness, pain, sleeplessness, and inflammation and encourage relaxation. Linalool is a somewhat uncommon cannabis terpene that can be found in strains like Zkittlez, Chem Dawg, and Lavender, among others.
Eucalyptol (also known as Cineole) is a fresh, minty terpene that is found in abundance in eucalyptus trees. Bay leaves, rosemary, sage, tea tree, and cardamom, as well as a variety of cannabis strains, contain them. Although it’s not very frequent in cannabis, it gives certain strains a lot of flavors.
Eucalyptol, like eucalyptus, has a wonderfully cool, minty flavor. A menthol kick is common in cannabis strains containing eucalyptol and can also add to the effects of these strains. Eucalyptol is an analgesic with antifungal and antibacterial properties. According to some studies, it may even aid Alzheimer’s disease. Super Silver Haze and Girl Scout Cookies are two marijuana strains that contain Eucalyptol.
Another terpene that can be detected in cannabis is camphene. It has a strong, musky aroma that smells like fir needles, damp wood, or soil. It’s commonly compared to Myrcene because of its dank and earthy fragrance. Camphene may add a lot to cannabis strains, aside from its scent.
Camphene is a potent antioxidant that may also assist in lowering cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, making it practical for a variety of cardiovascular conditions, according to research. It’s not as common in cannabis as terpenes like Myrcene and Limonene, but it’s still present in various strains. Ghost OG, Strawberry Banana, and Mendocino Purps are some of the cannabis strains that contain Camphene.
You can always use the marijuana terpenes chart above as a cheat sheet to recall cannabis terpenes effects.
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